Ethical hacking covers a variety of techniques used to identify vulnerabilities in an organization’s cyber defenses to prevent cyber attacks. Attacks come in many shapes and sizes, so ethical hackers must ensure they reflect the methods used by criminals. Thankfully, there are various tools available to mimic and automate some of the hacking process.
The following are five ethical tools that every hacker should know how to use.
In order to hack a company, an ethical hacker must know its weak spots and entry points. Nmap It’s a free tool that scans an organization’s infrastructure for open ports. If open ports are found, ethical hackers can run scripts on them to determine vulnerabilities and whether vulnerabilities provide an entry point to the organization’s network.
Note that Nmap is only a starting point; Ethical hackers should have the skills and knowledge to use the information returned by Nmap scans.
Gobuster It’s like Nmap for websites. Many websites have hidden links, for example, to additional login pages or site administration areas. GoBuster scans for hidden sites that aren’t crawled by Google or can be found through normal website interaction. These can provide alternative ways to navigate and navigate to administrative interfaces that can be accessed through brute force or stolen credentials from data breaches.
3. Burp Suite Professional
An essential part of any ethical hacker’s tool kit Burp Suite Professional It is the best tool to evaluate the security of the website. It is a proxy tool that intercepts requests and responses between the user’s browser and the website, providing visibility into how the website is performing. This allows ethical hackers to manipulate these requests to trigger vulnerabilities or access restricted areas on the website.
There is a free version of Burp Suite Pro, but it lacks many useful capabilities, such as automatically scanning websites for known vulnerabilities. The Pro version costs $449 per user per year.
4. Metasploit Framework
A key difference between a vulnerability assessment and a penetration test is the latter’s level of exploitation. In the pen testing exploit phase, once a vulnerability is discovered it is used to see if additional vulnerabilities can be found.
Metasploit FrameworkPenetration testing tool has over 2,000 exploits on system. The tool goes beyond exposing vulnerability exploits. It also allows hackers to track their targets and create custom payloads to evade anti-malware.
Metasploit Framework is free; A Pro version is also available for commercial use.
Although not a hacking tool, ethical hackers must be flexible and able to modify existing scripts or write their own scripts for each engagement. Pizen It’s the go-to tool for writing custom scripts. Learning how to use Python during pen testing should be high on every ethical hacker’s agenda.
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