Health care, social service, and production jobs are more common in low-growth metro areas like Cleveland

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CLEVELAND, OH — Cleveland’s dominant industries, such as health care, social service, and production, are also more prevalent in other metropolitan areas that are slowly growing or losing population than in those that have experienced a population boom over the past decade.

A new Bureau of Labor Statistics report published in April compared popular jobs in urban areas with at least 1 million people and with the lowest population growth, ranging from growth of just 1% to a loss of up to 2% since 2010, against urban areas with 20% growth. % or higher at the same time.

Cleveland was among them the Seven large metropolitan areas with the lowest population growth. The other cities were Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Rochester, New York; Hartford, Connecticut; Buffalo, New York; Chicago, IL; and Detroit, Michigan.

These cities were compared to the high-growth metropolitan area of ​​Austin, Texas. Raleigh, NC; Orlando, Florida; Dallas, Texas; Phoenix, Arizona; San Antonio, Texas; and Houston, Texas.

The difference between high- and low-growth population areas was most pronounced for healthcare practitioners and technical professions. They made up 6.8% of workers in areas of low or declining population growth, compared to 5.5% in areas with high growth.

Cleveland had the highest concentrations of healthcare practitioners and technical occupations with 8% of employment in the region, followed by Pittsburgh (8%) and Buffalo (7.4%). Conversely, high-growth regions had fewer people employed in healthcare practitioners and technical occupations than the national average of 6.2%.

Conversely, all high-growth regions had employment shares for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations below the national average of 6.2%.

In addition, more than 2.2% of workers were registered nurses in six of the low-growth regions — higher than the average in the United States.

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Health care supportive occupations, such as home health aides and nursing assistants, were generally more prevalent in low-growth population areas, making up 4.5% of employment compared to 3.8% of jobs in high-growth areas.

However, this trend has not been seen across the board. Three metropolitan areas from the lower growth group, including Cleveland, had fewer people working in supportive occupations than national average. The other two are Chicago and Detroit. Additionally, San Antonio, a high-growth city, topped the list for health care support jobs.

Community and social service occupations, such as social workers, community health workers, mental health counselors, and religious workers, were also more common in low-growth than in high-growth areas. Four metropolitan areas, including Cleveland, have a share of social service workers equal to or greater than the national average of 1.6%. All seven metropolitan areas within the high-growth group have a lower proportion of people employed in community and social service jobs than the national average.

There are also more productive occupations in low-growth areas, with Cleveland coming in second with 8.1% of the population, 2% above the national average. Like Cleveland, near the top were metropolitan areas that historically served as industrial centers, such as Detroit (9.7%) and Rochester (6.8%), which had the most significant shares of people working in production occupations.

Meanwhile, Cleveland is ranked at the bottom when it comes to construction and extraction occupations, while high-growth areas like Houston and Phoenix have more workers in this field than the national average.

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Pittsburgh was an exception as the only low-growth population area with a higher concentration of construction and extraction workers than the national average of 4.2%. Pittsburgh has a large number of workers who operate, assemble, or repair equipment for oil and gas extraction. Houston, No. 1 in the industry, also has a large oil and gas industry.

Cleveland, along with every other low-growth region, was below the national average for sales workers, coming in second to last with 8.8% of total employment share, and 0.6% below the national average. In addition, most low-growth areas were below the national average for food service.

Zachary Smith is the data reporter And the average dealer. See previous stories at this link.

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